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In the News

The Post Standard

Apr 22, 2014
ran an op-ed about Earth Day by Dean Emerita Cathryn R. Newton.
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The Post Standard

Apr 22, 2014
featured a piece highlighting the potential impact of the The College's Climate Change Garden and what our trees will look like in 2100.
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The Post Standard

Apr 15, 2014
featured a story written by The College's Rob Enslin about the role one SU physicist played in the search for elusive dark matter.
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International Business Times

Apr 14, 2014
featured a story about a group of professors from The College of Arts and Sciences that has been credited for testing the boundaries of 'new physics' with discovery of four-quark hadron.
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News Channel 9 (ABC)

Apr 12, 2014
attended and covered the Department of Biology's Parkinson's disease workshop which sought to raise awareness of the positive impact dance can have on Parkinson's sufferers.
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WRVO Public Media

Apr 5, 2014
spoke with geologist Jeff Karson about his free Lava Project MOOC, co-taught by Bob Wysocki, a sculptor in the College of Visual and Performing Arts.
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SAT Scores: Are We Ready for Score Inflation?

Apr 2, 2014
ran a piece by Steve Secora '82, G'85, The College's associate dean for admissions, in response to the College Board's decision to revise its popular SAT examination.
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Parents Magazine

Mar 25, 2014
featured commentary from Associate Professor of Psychology Kevin Antshel about how adults can detect whether they have ADHD.
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The Post Standard

Mar 25, 2014
featured a Q&A with physicist Scott Watson about the recent Big Bang Theory evidence in both the online and print editions.
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Entertainment Weekly

Mar 6, 2014
was one of several national outlets that covered Professor George Saunders' receipt of back-to-back literary awards.
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The Huffington Post

Feb 28, 2014
featured a guest blog post written by Dean George M. Langford about why he believes sound mentorship is critical to helping minority students achieve success in their pursuit of STEM disciplines.
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New study links whale stress to ship noise

Data collected around the 9/11 terrorist attacks by a Syracuse University biologist plays key role in the study

Feb 10, 2012 | Article by: Judy Holmes

Susan Parks on her research vessel

Susan Parks on a research vessel in the Bay of Fundy


Hunted almost to extinction, North Atlantic Right Whales are among the most endangered in the world with fewer than 500 alive today. Syracuse University biologist Susan Parks has been studying right whales for almost 15 years as part of an international conservation effort to reverse their decline. 

Serendipitous measurements of underwater noise collected as part of Parks’ research two days before and after the 9/11 terrorist attacks while listening for whale sounds are a critical component of a groundbreaking study published Feb. 8 in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B, linking underwater noise and stress in whales. Proceedings B is the Royal Society of London’s flagship biological research journal.

Right whales use low-frequency sounds to communicate, which can be detected over long distances. Parks, recently appointed to the Department of Biology in SU’s College of Arts and Sciences, studies whale acoustic communication. Ships emit low-frequency noise that overlaps with the whale sounds. Scientists have learned that underwater noise can interfere with whales’ ability to communicate, but they did not know whether the noise had a physiological effect on whales—until now. The new study provides the first evidence that associates ship noise with chronic stress in whales, a factor that may be impacting their recovery.

“This is definitely a very important piece in the puzzle that lends credence to the idea that, yes, we potentially have a problem out there and we need to learn a lot more about it,” said Rosalind Rolland, a senior scientist at the New England Aquarium in Boston and lead researcher for the study.
Right Whale in the Bay of Fundy

North Atlantic Right Whale


Parks first started collaborating with the New England Aquarium’s research team in 1998 as a graduate student in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program in Oceanography.  The new study came about by chance. During the summer of 2001, Parks was conducting research in the Bay of Fundy, located between Maine and Nova Scotia, collecting acoustic recordings of right whale sounds. While recording the sounds, her research team also recorded background ocean noise.  They noticed that the background noise significantly dropped during the few days after 9/11.

“Similar to air travel, shipping decreased dramatically for a short period of time after 9/11,” Parks says. “We noticed the ocean was very quiet, but our acoustic data set was not large enough to draw definitive conclusions.”

By happenstance, Rolland had been collecting whale fecal samples with the help of a poop-sniffing dog over the same period Parks was collecting her data.  Rolland analyzes whale scat for hormones involved with reproduction, sexual maturity, and stress. The Right Whale Conservation Medicine Program at the New England Aquarium pioneered the use of scent-detection dogs to collect whale scat, which floats on top of the water.  Rolland similarly noted a decrease in the levels of stress hormones in the scat over a short period of time following 9/11.

But it wasn’t until 2009, as Rolland was preparing for a workshop on underwater noise and stress for the Office of Naval Research, that the researchers realized how their data collected for unrelated projects might intersect.  The subsequent analysis, funded in part by the Office of Naval Research, showed that, over a five-year period, stress-hormone levels in the scat were at the lowest point only during the days immediately following 9/11 when both underwater noise levels measured in Parks’ data and ship traffic were down. 

“It was a fortunate coincidence that we were both collecting data during the same time period,” Parks says. “But how do you make the ocean quiet? We’re now looking at whether whales change their behavior in response to noise.”

In a Feb. 8, 2012 article in Science Now, Rolland notes that while there may be ways to build quieter ships, oil and gas exploration, wind farms, and sonar all add to the underwater noise pollution. “The big message is that there’s enough noise in the oceans that we should be concerned,” she said.  Scientists from the Alaska Fisheries Science Center, NOAA National Marine Mammal Laboratory, Cornell University, Duke University, and the University of Washington also contributed to the study.

Prior to coming to SU, Parks held appointments at Pennsylvania State University, Cornell University, and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. In 2009, Parks received a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), the highest honor by the U.S. government for outstanding scientists and engineers, for her work with whales.


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Contact Information

Judy Holmes
jlholmes@syr.edu
315-443-8085

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