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In the News

CNY Central

Nov 14, 2014
spoke with Steve Secora, Associate Dean of College Relations for the College of Arts and Sciences about why sophomore year is the best time for high school students to begin the college search process.
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Syracuse New Times

Nov 13, 2014
featured a series of photos from La Casita Cultural Center’s recent Two to Tango event.
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Time Warner Cable News

Nov 12, 2014
spoke with Kristen Kennedy of the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders about hearing loss among veterans
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The New York Times

Oct 9, 2014
spoke with Jason Fridley, associate professor of biology, about the mystery of invasive species.
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Phys.org

Sep 24, 2014
was one of dozens of outlets around the globe that featured Britton Plourde's groundbreaking work in quantum information science. Plourde is associate professor of physics.
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Science magazine

Sep 5, 2014
featured a cover story on artificial cells by a team of physicists, including Syracuse's Mark Bowick and Cristina Marchetti. The story has been picked up by media outlets all over the world.
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"Bridge Street" (News Channel 9)

Sep 4, 2014
interviewed the Humanities Center's Mi Ditmar about the 2014 Syracuse Symposium, whose theme is "Perspective."
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NPR

Aug 26, 2014
spoke with Rebecca Moore Howard, a national authority on intellectual property and plagiarism, about Turnitin.com, a company that provides anti-plagiarism software.
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The Los Angeles Review of Books

Aug 25, 2014
interviewed Minnie Bruce Pratt, professor of writing and rhetoric and of women's and gender studies, about the reissue of her classic book "Crime Against Nature" (A Midsummer Night's Press and Sinister Wisdom, 2013).
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Time Warner Cable News

Aug 11, 2014
talked to Samuel Gorovitz, professor of philosophy, about the medical ethics of using experimental drugs to treat Ebola.
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National Geographic Daily News

Aug 9, 2014
interviewed Susan Parks, assistant professor of biology, about the impact of shipping traffic on whales.
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Fingerprinting hydrofracking water quality

Syracuse University’s Project SWIFT to develop tools to detect potential groundwater contamination from shale-gas drilling

Sep 26, 2012 | Article by: Judy Holmes

Map of Marcellus Shale formation in Eastern United States

Map of Marcellus Shale formation in the Eastern United States


Mary Beth Jones of Apalachin, N.Y., lives near “ground zero” of the hotly contested hydrofracking debate swirling across New York State. Her land sits above the gas-rich Marcellus Shale, and like many of her neighbors, Jones is concerned about risks of ground-water contamination associated with hydraulic fracturing.  That’s why she’s agreed to be part of a Syracuse University study that aims to develop new tools to detect possible groundwater contamination associated with shale-bed methane production in the Appalachian Basin.

“Clean water is very important to me and should be very important to everybody in the country,” Jones says. “This project allows people, like me, to have our water tested by independent researchers at no cost. I’m very pleased to be part of the study and to have the testing done by a credible university.” 

Project SWIFT (Shale-Water Interaction Forensic Tools) was launched during spring 2012 by researchers in the Department of Earth Sciences in SU’s College of Arts and Sciences in response to the public debate over hydraulic fracturing in New York State. Project SWIFT is the first project of its kind in the state.

“Last fall, there seemed to be daily news stories focused on the public debate over fracking and water quality,” says Gregory Hoke, assistant professor of Earth Sciences and co-founder of Project SWIFT. “Lacking in the debate was independent data about natural water quality. I thought we could help fill the void, by collecting water quality data and putting it on the web so that communities can make informed decisions based on an independent, objective data source.”

Hoke and Associate Professor Laura Lautz worked with their colleagues Professor Donald Siegel, and Assistant Professor Zunli Lu, to launch the project, which is jointly funded by The College of Arts and Sciences and SU’s Office of the Provost. The project aims to:

  • Establish a baseline for groundwater quality across New York State’s southern tier before hydrofracking begins;
  • Determine chemicals typically found in fracking waste water by testing samples of flow-back water obtained from Pennsylvania;
  • Develop geochemical fingerprinting tools and a model protocol that can be used to analyze and monitor water quality in areas with potential for shale gas drilling; and
  • Create a publicly available water quality database that communities and stakeholders can use to make informed decisions about hydrofracking.
SU students arriving at field site to test water

Egan Waggoner and Sunshyne Hummel arrive at a Tioga County home to obtain samples of well water to be tested by Project SWIFT. Hummel is an Earth sciences graduate student in SU's College of Arts and Sciences and Waggoner is a graduate student at the State Universitiy of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry. Photo Credit: Mary Beth Jones

The first step is to assess the natural variability of water quality in the southern tier. To do that, the researchers selected wells based on a list of those drilled since 2000 compiled by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. A team of graduate and undergraduate students contacted landowners, educated them about the project, obtained permissions to do the testing, and then worked with the landowners to obtain water samples. Much of that work was accomplished during the spring and summer of 2012.  The water samples are now being tested in SU laboratories.

“Not all well water in Upstate New York is of high quality,” Lautz says. “We need to document the range of chemical compounds that are naturally found in water so we can tease out what is unnatural. It’s a really hard thing to do.”

The researchers are analyzing flow-back water to uncover unique chemistry not found in well water. For example, salt is found in both flow-back water and well water and therefore is not a clear indication of hydrofracking contamination.
In contrast, iodine may be an ideal geochemical fingerprinting tool for contamination. Deep groundwater in shale, which is brought to the surface as flow-back water during hydraulic fracturing, has very different iodine content and isotopic composition compared to water found in family wells, which tap the relatively shallow water table.

“We have unique expertise at SU to measure iodine in water,” Lautz says. “Flow-back water brings a specific isotopic composition of iodine to the surface. There is no other way to bring iodine-rich waters to the surface except through fracking.”

The next steps for the project include looking for other geochemical tracers in flow-back water that could be used to monitor cross contamination. The researchers are looking for additional funding to support testing landowner wells throughout the year to determine if water quality changes across the seasons. The researchers would also like to broaden the project to include more wells across the southern tier. They are currently collecting names of people who want to be part of the project pending additional funding.

“The state moratorium on fracking puts us in a unique position to collect this data and establish a baseline for naturally occurring water quality pre-hydraulic fracturing,” Hoke says. “Water quality data is collected by gas companies, but the data is not accessible to the public. We want to develop a public resource that can be used to evaluate and monitor water quality.”






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Contact Information

Judy Holmes
jlholmes@syr.edu
315-443-8085

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